Formative Assessment - Planning for Success

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Formative assessment is a deliberate process used by teachers with students during instruction that provides actionable feedback that is used to adjust teaching and learning strategies to improve students’ attainment of
learning targets and goals.

Formative assessment is a process, not a test.

 California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP) System

The formative assessment process involves any teaching or learning strategy that effectively completes one or more of the formative assessment attributes. The formative assessment process has four attributes:

Attribute 1: Clarify intended learning. The teacher identifies the instructional goal, communicates the goal to students, and provides the criteria by which learning will be assessed so each student and the teacher knows whether the student is successfully progressing toward the goal.

Attribute 2: Elicit evidence. After a period of instruction, the teacher checks for students’ understanding. This could be the first draft of an essay, a ticket out the door, an answer to a question on a white board, pair-and-share observations, or a paragraph on how to solve a mathematics problem.

Attribute 3: Interpret evidence. The teacher and each student interpret the evidence and reflect on the student’s progress toward the learning goal.

Attribute 4: Act on evidence. The teacher makes adjustments to the ongoing instructional activities, while students also adjust their procedures for learning. The teacher and students continue to use strategies that work and eliminate strategies that are not effective.

Formative assessment is a process, not a test.

California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP) System

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